Our Inpatient Cocaine Rehab Centers
If your loved one is someone who is addicted to cocaine, residential rehab is one of the most successful treatments to help the patient kick the habit. When you enter a program, you can expect a mixture of detox, counseling, and skills-enhancement that will provide you with the necessary tools to avoid a relapse when you step out of the safe confines of the facility.
Cocaine has a long history. For the quick cliff note version, the euphoric effects of coca leaves were first used by the Amazon tribes for millennia. In the mid-19th Century, Europeans started importing the drug and marketed it as a tonic to restore health and vitality. Cocaine was also originally used as a local anesthetic. The drug was outlawed in 1914 but remained on the streets because of how profitable the industry is.
The drug is one of the most pervasive problems of the US because of the glut in supply, affordability, and the fact that it is highly addictive. There’s documentation about people getting addicted after just one use. The major concern is that the users are getting younger. According to the “Monitoring the Future Study: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs,” as young as eighth graders, 10th graders and 12th graders are already hooked on the drug.
Cocaine addiction may require a longer treatment, and it’s going to be quite uncomfortable for the drug user because, at present, there’s no drug substitute out there that can ease up the discomfort and anxiety of withdrawal.
However, those who are addicted to the drug should enter a rehab center immediately before it’s too late. Prolonged use will break down the body and the brain. For instance, those who snort the substance are in danger of damaging their sinuses permanently, including the ability to smell. Nosebleeds are common or a collapsed vein if they are injecting the substance. Of course, sharing a needle will lead to a host of other problems as well, such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, and STDs. Finally, the patient will suffer from psychosis, the condition of which may be irreversible.
Common Names for Cocaine
With its long history and number of additives which change the properties of the drug, cocaine has many street names. But we will make a distinction between cocaine and crack cocaine since they have very different slang terms.
The common names for cocaine, for instance, are coke, powder, stash, Big C, dust, rail, line, blow, bump, and pearl.
For crack cocaine, street hustlers would call it candy, rocks, rock candy, ball, hard ball, dice, nuggets, sleet, scrabble, cloud, cookies, 24/7, electric kool-aid, French fries, devil drug, crunch & munch, ice cube, paste, jelly beans, tornado, and chemical. The different names may refer to the color and texture, which vary depending on the type of chemical used to cut the white powder.
Crack is an illicit drug that is nevertheless very easy to procure. A national survey, for instance, revealed that 6.22 million of Americans aged 12 and older have admitted to using crack at least once. Of that number, 1 million belong to the aged 18-25 demographic.
What’s the Difference Between Cocaine and Crack Cocaine?
You may have heard about cocaine and crack cocaine and usually, they are being used interchangeably. While both still come from the coca plant, there’s a slight difference in the way they are produced and ingested.
Crack comes in rock form and is produced using the cocaine white powder and cutting it with some additives and substances in order to first, earn more profits, and second, intensify the effects. In essence, that even makes it more dangerous because you are adding these chemicals to your body. The chemicals you may see in crack are caffeine, laxatives local anesthetics, opioids, lactose, benzocaine, ephedrine, glucose, sucrose, laundry detergent, baking soda, boric acid, or creatinine.
Crack is smoked while cocaine is snorted. The white powdery substance is achieved by neutralizing the salty texture of pure cocaine with solvent.
One thing that makes crack popular is how fast it takes hold. In just under a minute, the user will immediately feel the effects. Compare that to cocaine, which doesn’t do anything up to as much as five minutes after snorting. However, the high fades away just as fast. Whereas with cocaine, the effects will last up to two hours, the effects of crack will disappear after an hour.
During treatment in our center, it’s almost automatic that the person with the cocaine addiction will undergo a detox. As already mentioned, we don’t use any drug to ease the pain of withdrawal. Instead, the patient will be strictly monitored for any complications or unforeseen medical issue arising from withdrawal. The monitoring will be 24/7 and supervised by expert medical personnel.
The patient will also be involved in various physical activities to get the body moving. Meals will be taken in a common area to encourage the patient to mingle with the other residents. Food is highly regulated. We have our own nutritionist that will meet with you to verify any allergies or preferences. The nutritionist will then craft a nutrition plan that would help optimize the treatment program.
You will also join a support group that will serve as your safety net during your stay in rehab centers. The detox will last for about three days. But this is assuming that you are not using any other drugs. In which case, medication may be necessary and the duration of the detox may be longer.
How Long Does Cocaine Withdrawal Last?
Some symptoms will show up just a few hours after your last dose of cocaine.
This is known as the crash. During this period, you may feel the following symptoms:
- Increased appetite
- Irritability and anger
- Lack of motivation
- Lethargy and fatigue.
After a few days, you now find yourself on the second stage, which is the withdrawal. This phase can last up to three months.
Some of the withdrawal symptoms are:
- Low energy
- Mood swings
- Trouble focusing
- Paranoia and hallucinations
- Suicidal thoughts
- Intense cravings
The intensity of these symptoms will decline over time although the cravings will likely stay with you throughout your life.
Cocaine overdose is a very real possibility. Between 2000 and 2016, for instance, the drug was responsible for over 10,000 deaths, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Overdosing on the chemical substance will lead to coma, stroke, cardiac arrest, and rupture of the aorta.
The deadliest cocktail is a mixture of cocaine and alcohol because of their counteracting effects.
Treatment for Cocaine
After the detox, the hard part begins. Rehab centers are always cognizant of the fact that cocaine users are not defined by their addiction so they are viewed as individuals. Treatment, therefore, is very personal. After the body has flushed out all the toxins, there’s now a need to build up the person’s self-esteem and self-worth. All underlying issues should be resolved because, for the most part, the maxim about the addiction as a cry for help holds true.
Relapse is a very real risk and it happens to the best of us. The important thing is to fully prepare the person for any eventuality when he graduates from the program so that when he goes out, there will be no more surprises.
The most common methods employed by drug treatment centers are:
By the end of the program, the patient will be able to understand how their thoughts and feelings influence their behavior, which led to the drug use. Controlling these thoughts and behavior will help ward off relapse.
With the help of the therapist, the patient will find the main impetus that drives him forward. Sometimes, people are not always looking for motivation but purpose. It’s important that the therapist will take care not to suggest anything, even through non-verbal cues, to ensure that the motivation is organic.
This has been known to have a high success rate of treatment for stimulants. It’s important that there’s a high level of trust between the therapist and patient. The therapist adopts multiple treatment approaches while at the same time building up the self-worth of the patient.
Contingency management: This is an incentives-based approach to give residents with creative rewards for meeting small goals inside the centers.
Aftercare programs for Cocaine Addiction
The best rehab centers have some form of a program in place to help recovering patients get a job when they go out. This is a two-pronged approach which will help the patient earn a living and boost his self-worth, and also to encourage activity to take his mind off the cravings.
Aftercare will also involve community support groups or sober living homes, which are essentially halfway houses where the recovering patient’s transition from a regimented life inside the rehab facility and into real life. Most sober living homes are not free. Patients may pay a minimum fee or through sweat equity. This is another way to teach them responsibility and accountability for their actions.
Being outside means you will be exposed to a lot of temptations or pressures that will drive you back to drug abuse. Some people just needed an excuse to go back and that’s understandable, especially if they have been using cocaine as a crutch.
You will also be linked with a community or church-based support groups to serve as your sounding board when the pressure proves so much. Just like the rehab centers, you will find yourself among former users who are trying to turn in a new leaf.
Cocaine is a dangerous drug and many people have overdose from it. In 2011, more than half a million people were admitted to emergency rooms because of complications arising from cocaine addiction, according to the US Drug Enforcement Administration.
This is why immediate action is needed before the patient reaches a point of no return.
Inpatient treatment centers typically offer a 30-day program, 60-day program, and 90-day program. But the duration could be longer, especially if the patient has some complications or assessed to have a dual diagnosis.
Generally, the longer the patients stay inside treatment centers the better is their success of becoming sober when they leave the different programs. Understandably, some people may balk at the idea of staying inside a facility for extended periods of time. There’s a lot to consider like their family, their job, their friends, and also the stigma associated with rehabs. They may consider outpatient treatment, which does seem attractive because of the minimal disruption to their lives.
Another consideration that makes people shy away from seeking treatment is the cost involved. Indeed, the road to sobriety is going to be expensive. The good news, however, is that insurance companies now accept residential treatment centers as a necessary health issue. Call your insurer now to get the approximate cost of coverage.
Inpatient rehab treatment is the best chance you got of treating your cocaine addiction and preventing a relapse. All the data point to this fact.
Nevertheless, if you or your loved one is in the grip of cocaine addiction, find an inpatient rehab center where experienced support staff may answer all your questions.